Air and water pollution caused by coal mines are among the major health concerns of communities near mines. They have shortened life expectancies and are more likely to develop lung cancer, heart disease, and kidney disease. Women who give birth are also at increased risk of low birth weight. As a result of the pollution, the Appalachian Mountains have been dug for coal. Mountaintop removal mining has polluted drinking water, triggering thousands of premature deaths.
In some cases, the coal beds are so deep that entire mines can collapse. In some cases, the coal may have been sold or leased but some regions have been kept for higher prices. Despite these risks, land owners generally don’t care about the coal beneath their property. In such cases, the coal operators will simply mine around them. In the past, warrants were issued for mines with coal beneath public roads or the Susquehanna River.
The exhaust from coal mines contains several dangerous gases. Fire damp is a light, explosive gas that can blow walls and doors down in a moment. It is present in the mine as a “feeder” and is often ignited by a miner’s lamp. Blowing caps are typically used to put out fire damp, but blowers have even set a mine on a tire. Safety procedures and health and safety standards are essential for the operation of a coal mine.
Coal mining is a complex process. The exhaust consists of several different gases. One of the most hazardous is fire damp. The gas can easily knock down walls and doors and destroy ventilation systems. Fire damp is usually present as a “feeder” and can easily be ignited by the miner’s lamp. The breasts are connected by cross headings. This allows the miners to move through the mine without compromising their safety.
Coal mines are not for everyone. The dangers can range from collapse of the mine to long-term health hazards, such as black lung. But Curtis Burton, who spent the last 17 years in Pennsylvania’s coal fields, says it is a unique job. And he loves the company culture and the people. The benefits are worth the risks. The perks are worth the risk. And the dangers are real: During a coal mine, miners must be prepared to risk their lives to keep the business running smoothly.
While there are numerous benefits to coal mining, its hazards are still very real. The mining industry has been responsible for the destruction of vast tracts of lands, causing thousands of deaths, and affecting the environment and human health. For example, a single mine can take up to four million tons of coal every year. The resulting pollution from these mines is devastating for the environment, as well as to the lives of miners.
The mining process is complex and involves a series of steps. The first step is to dig a shaft, which is then separated from the coal beds below. The next step is to work on the coal by hand. The miner will be required to use hand tools. If he has to use a pickaxe, he will have to move it back and forth through the shaft. The miner will then be able to reach the coal beds below.
As an alternative to drilling into the ground, mining companies use a method called pillar and breast. The pillars are two or three hundred feet tall and fifteen feet wide, and the miner will be in the shaft for two to three hundred feet. The “breast” will open to a full width of 24 to 36 feet, depending on the safety of the roof. The “working face” is the side of the pillar. The airways are connected to the main tunnel by cross headings.
There are many dangerous gases in the coal mine exhaust. A gas called “fire damp” is a light, explosive gas that can burn walls and doors, and can ruin a ventilation system in a matter of minutes. During a fire, it will ignite and spread quickly through the shaft mouth. If a fire does break out in a mine, the workers will be buried under a bed of coal, creating a massive conflagration.